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Friday, May 29, 2009

Believing in your Dreams

In one forwarded email; I came across one good article on "Believing in your dreams".
By seeing the background image, I recalled my friend Ankita, who gave me one greeting card on my birthday on 1997.
It was quoted with "Our destiney is in our own hand". On turning point of my career, that card always helped me to motivate my self in each and every stage in life then.

Here, Just want to have collection of such good things in my dairy (blog), I am mentioning main points here.

This is written by Marcia Wieder.

Part I:
Believing in your dreams
1) Never neutral
2) The Big Three
3) The BUT Theory
4) Dealing with Dought
5) It's a choice
6) Overcoming Fear
7) The Challenge of Change
8) The impossible dream
9) Creating a new belief

Part II:
Tapping your inner wisdom
1) Believe Anything is possible
2) Connect to your intuition

3) Ask simple questions
4) Experience New Ways of being
5) Appreciate your Abundance
6) Open your spirit
7) Share your gift with others
8) Let your intuition guide you
9) Trust your self
10) Insights


Wednesday, May 20, 2009


On my birthday yesterday. Yes, first time I was out of India. No Derasar nothing...One Mandir is there which is far away; so will go there on weekend. (first time in my life on my birthday I missed to go to Derasar.
Rest, I did 2 Samayik yesterday. and will do one daily now.
I recalled all kids of parikrama and Prayed for all of them for their bright future.
Prayed for who ever I know that they are stuck somewhere in their life. Remembered maximum people came across in my life. recalled thier good things and deeds and their contribution to the society.
Recalled people Whom I never ever met but still thier thoughts and deed attracted me; I prayed for them as well.
In short yesterday I came more close to my self. did lot's of chintan+manan.
Read couple of things. Observed my self closely about pre married life and post married life. overall whole day was very busy with my self.

I guess vision for life is different at different time and in different situation. (at different age)

Tuesday, May 19, 2009


These Jokes I have recevied as a one forwarded email from my friend Manish(Express Yourself!)

Doctor to patient: You will die within 2 hours. Do you want to see any one before you die?
Patient: Yes. A good doctor..

Sardar: My mobile bill how much?
Call centre girl: sir, just dial 123to know current bill status
Sardar: Stupid, not CURRENT BILL my MOBILE BILL.

Q: How do you make a sardarji laugh on Saturday?
A: Tell him a joke on Wednesday.

Wife-Oye ji, Sunte Ho,Utho Utho,Raat ke 2 baje he.
Husband- itni rat ko Q...Uthaya Mujhe
Wife-Aap neend ki goli Lena to bhul Hi gaye..!

Santa : "Ek litre gaaye{cow} Ka Dhoodh Dena."
Banta : "Lekin Tumhara Bartan To Bahut Chhota Hai."
Santa :"Theek He To Fir BAKRI Ka De de.."

Interviewer>To bataiye PANI ke bina Insan kaise Marega?
Sardar>PANI nai hoga to Insan Tairega kaise? Aur Tairega nahi to doob jayega!

Sardar: I think that girl is deaf..
Friend: How do u know?
Sardar: I told I Love her, but she said her chappals are new

Friend: I got a brand new Ford IKON for my wife!
Sardar: Wow!!! That's an unbelievable exchange offer!!!

Teacher: Which is the oldest animal in world?
Sardar: ZEBRA
Teacher: How?
Sardar: Bcoz it is Black & White

Sardar: Miss, Do u called 2 my mobile?
Teacher: Me? No, why?
Sardar: Yesterday I saw in my mobile- “1 Miss Call".

Judge: Don't U have shame? It is d 3rd time U R coming to court.
Sardar to judge: U R coming daily, don't U have shame?

Question: "Should Women have Children after 35?"
Smart Sardar Replied: "No!
35 Children R More than Enough!!"

Sir: What is difference between Orange and Apple?
Sardar: Color of Orange is orange, but color of Apple is not APPLE.

Sardar attending an interview in Software Company.
Manager: Do U know MS Office?
Sardar: If U give me the address I will go there sir.

Sardar in airplane going 2 Bombay .. While its landing he shouted: " Bombay ... Bombay "
Air hostess said: "B silent."
Sardar: "Ok. Ombay. Ombay"

Sardar got a sms from his girl friend:
Sardarji replied:
"I Mr YOU" !!.

Sardar: Doctor! My Son swallowed a key
Doctor: When?
Sardar: 3 Months Ago
Dr:Wat were u doing till now?
Sardar: We were using duplicate key

Why Sardar opens his lunch box in the middle of the road???
Just 2 confirm whether he is going to or coming back from the office....

Son: papa, 4+3 kithne hai?
Sardar: ullu ke patthe gadhe idiot naalaayak besharam tujhe kuch nahi aathaa? Jaa andhar se CALCULATOR le ke Aa..

After finishing MBBS Sardar started his practice. He Checked 1st Patient's Eyes, Tongue & Ears By Torch & Finallly Said:
"Torch is okay"

Sardar1: Oye, what will happen if electricity is not discovered?
Sardar2: Nothing, we must watch TV in candle light.

Teacher: "What is common between JESUS, KRISHNA , RAM, GANDHI and BUDHA?"
Sardar: "All are born on government holidays...!!!


Imagining India: Ideas for the New Century

By Nandan Nilekani, "Imagining India: Ideas for the New Century"

When this book published I read these points in Times Of India.
Today I came across that article on internet. so, just wanted it in my dairy (blog) . I hope you will enjoy Indian software entrepreneur's view and vision for India in coming year.

Speaker: Mr Nandan Nilekani
Co-Chairman, Infosys Technologies Limited

One of the reasons I wrote the book was that I used to talk to people all over the world who would ask me very searching questions about India. They would ask; why do you have so many billionaires on the Forbes list and so many poor people, such beautiful university campuses and such large slums, you have this high-tech industry with so many highly qualified engineers and the world’s largest pool of uneducated children, why is it that you seem to live in the 17th century and the 21st century at the same time? These were questions that I really couldn’t answer. This book is in some sense my own voyage, figuring out why India is the way it is.

The other thing that struck me was that books on India are often on a particular discipline. Economists write about the economy of India, sociologists about the caste system, political scientists about different politics and governance, and environmentalists about environment issues. I felt that none of them really capture the entirety of India in a really wholistic manner. So this is a book that spans all of these different dimensions, that is the only way you can really describe the complexity of a country like India.

I also felt like many books concentrate on events and end up becoming historical or on personalities and end up becoming biographies. I thought the true way to look at India was through the frame of ideas. I believe that changes in ideas in India are responsible for what is happening today. When I looked at the patterns of ideas I noticed that there are some that have changed radically over the past 60 years and those I believe are at the root of the vitality, energy and growth that you see in India today. I also found ideas that were agreed upon and yet were not being implemented. And then I found ideas that we argue deeply about, issues that India is gridlocked about, ideological disputes.

I found that if India is going to go on and progress and prosper it must anticipate ideas. It must look at what is happening in the West today, look at some of the challenges there are elsewhere and perhaps learn from those challenges and choose a different path.

I found there were six things that have changed India dramatically. To give some sense of the change it can be seen in terms of economic growth: in the 1960s India was growing at the rate of 3.5% per year and this rate of growth was called the ‘Hindu rate of growth’. At that time the population was growing at 2% a year. If the economy is growing at 3.5% and the population is growing at 2% it takes 45 years to double your per capita income. Today India is growing at 8-9%, in the face of the global economic crisis growth rates have dropped to 6% and may drop even more, but when we get beyond this crisis I do believe that will go up as the fundamentals are in place. So if the economy grows at 8-9% and today the population is growing at a lesser 1.5%, your per capita income doubles every 10 years. It is this acceleration of the rate of change that is at the root of India’s opportunities and its challenges.

Demographic Dividend
There are 6 factors that led to this acceleration and huge upsurge in dynamism. The first is that India has vastly changed its view of its population. There was a time in the 60s and 70s when the population was seen as a burden, but today in modern India we think of our population as human capital. Human capital is really what drives the economy, drives the world, and drives progress. This notion of people as an asset rather than a liability is a huge change is perception which is responsible for some of the changes that you see. This change in perception coincides with India achieving a demographic dividend. A demographic dividend comes but once in the history of a country when you have a large number of people at the working age of 15-65, and relatively less people who are old or young. At the peak of India’s demographic dividend it will have four people working for every one to support. When you have a demographic dividend you also have a cycle of economic growth: you have more people who are working thereby more who have savings, more savings means more investment, and more investment means more economic growth.

India is doubly unique as is the only large country in the world to be having its demographic dividend, which means it will be the only young country in an ageing world. Thirty years back India and China were at the same level but because China implemented a one-child policy they accelerated their demographic dividend. China will start ageing by 2015 leaving the path clear for India as the only young country in this world. That opens up huge opportunities.
China does have growth rates significantly higher over the last 30 years but we must also remember that China has reached its demographic dividend by massive social engineering. China will have 400 million old people by 2020 and that will be a huge burden. In the next thirty years as China starts ageing and India’s young become productive, India has the potential of growing (in percentage terms) faster than China.

At the same time a demographic dividend is only engaged when the people are productive: they are healthy, educated, have roads to go to school, lights to study at night, and markets to get jobs. If you don’t do it right, a demographic dividend can go the other way. You have all these people with aspirations that have been unleashed by the media; by television, the internet and mobile phones. If they have nowhere to go the same young people who can contribute so hugely to the economy can become disgruntled, resentful, divisive and violent. A demographic dividend can become a demographic disaster. India has the choice. For this reason the election becomes all the more relevant.

The second big idea that has changed is Indian attitudes towards entrepreneurship. In the 1940s and 50s the Indian state had a very suspicious view of entrepreneurs. It did not believe that entrepreneurs should have a large role in society and Indian entrepreneurship was not really given free reign. Instead of focusing on improving products and creating customer value entrepreneurs instead focused on getting licences from government. Today being an entrepreneur has changed dramatically, India has become a global player. I call this phenomenon ‘from Bombay plan to Bombay Club to Bombay house.’

In 1944 the leaders of Indian business came out with ‘the Bombay plan’ saying the state must have a large role in the economy, that private capital in India is too young and immature to build this newly independent country. So it goes back to the businessmen themselves who wanted huge state and public funding. In 1992 we had something called ‘the Bombay club’, a group of businessman who met in Bombay after the economic reforms of 1991. They observed that from living 50 years in a closed economy India hadn’t learned to compete, that India shouldn’t open up its borders and allow global capital and global trade to come or Indian capital would get wiped out. The Bombay club was about protectionism.
Today we have ‘the Bombay house’ spirit which is what I call the headquarters of Tata, a global group, more than 50% of whose revenue comes from outside India, who are very comfortable with global competition. This, in some sense, is a metaphor for the change in Indian culture; from someone who wants a large role for the state, to someone who wanted a lot of protection, to someone who is eager and willing to compete with global competition.

The third change in the Indian mind is the attitude towards technology. In the 1960s computer was a bad word in India. They were believed to be job-eating machines. As late as the 1980s when the central bank came out with a report on bank computerisation they did not even use the word computer in their report, they called them ‘ledger posting machines’. When they wanted to employ more powerful versions of these ledger posting machines they called them ‘advanced ledger posting machines’. They were worried that the unions of the day would react violently to the news of computers in the bank industry.

Today, however, we live in a country where 8-10 million mobile phones are sold every month. 99% of those phones are pre-pay which means they are bought by people who don’t have a credit history, they don’t have credit cards. For 40% of those mobile phones the average recharge is less than 10 rupees which is just a few pence. That little mobile phone of a computer has become a symbol of empowerment for the poor of India. They get access to services, prices, so many things.This is the third big change: the change of seeing technology as something intimidating and job displacing to something empowering and equalising.
The tech sector contributes around 50 million dollars in exports for India which is about 5% of GDP. There is no question that it is getting increasingly sophisticated, solutions and products are developing. I believe this trend will continue, and India will continue to be one of the world’s favourite places for technological products and services in the coming years.

The fourth change is the attitude towards English. For many years Indians had a very ambivalent attitude, they believed we should all talk in Indian languages and so forth. Today, with outsourcing and globalisation, it is very clear that knowledge of English is essential for Indians participating in the global economy. English has become an aspirational language. Even the poor are sending their children to English speaking schools.

The good news is that India is spending more on education than ever before. The Tenth Plan which ended in 2007 gave the allocation for education at around 7.5%. In The Eleventh Plan which is now running it is 19%. 3 billion dollars a year in taxes is given to primary and secondary education. We need both primary education through programmes creating better schools and the reform of higher education. The problem is too big to sequence; you must do it on both fronts.
For higher education I think the problem is excessive regulation. You cannot start a university, increase fees, change faculty salaries or change the course content. The system requires deregulation which allows excellence and inclusion, and also allows for private universities to be brought in.

The fifth big thing I believe is that the Indian mindset has become far more comfortable with globalisation. In the 1940s and 50s Indians were scared of globalisation, they had just gained independence, so were building all sorts of barriers against globalisation. Today as Indian companies, workers and students go abroad globalisation is being seen as something they can take advantage of.

Now there is far less fear of foreign investment. There are still some sectors where domestic entrepreneurs prevent foreign investment from coming in but I think that is changing. By and large there is far more receptivity.
When India started globalising, those participants in the Indian economy who had the skills to contribute to the economy did well: those who were educated and knew English. Those who were not part of that were left behind. I think this has definitely exacerbated inequalities. We need to reduce those inequalities by expanding opportunities to these people. They must have the same access to schools, food and water.
I think NRIs [Non Resident Indians] are a very important part of the equation. And it has to do with the change in the Indian mindset. When Indians were not comfortable with globalisation they viewed Indians who left the borders as a brain drain. Today, as Indians become pro-globalisation, NRIs becomes a strategic asset and so in our eyes can contribute by knowledge, capital, entrepreneurship, and building a brand. I think that there’s a dramatic shift and both the people and the government are now very much open to globalisation.

The sixth big thing is democracy. Again in the 1950s and 60s democracy was an elite concept, a set of London-educated lawyers came up with the idea. Today we see with the elections that democracy is rooted in the people. 740 million people are voting in this election, it will take a month and over one million voting machines. It is really a grand spectacle.

I think certainly there are many challenges on the democratic front. Externally there is terrorism and internally there are the Maoists in central India. However, the election is reasonably peaceful; 740 million voters, 100 million new young voters, and average turnout at around 60%. The combination of parties that will come into power on May 16th will have a peaceful transition.
These six factors: entrepreneurship, demographics, globalisation, IT, English, and democracy, all contribute to India’s growth. At the same time India faces many challenges for implementation. For example; primary education, full literacy, infrastructure, urbanisation and single markets all have a long way to go. These are simple ideas and there is no argument, they must be implemented. There should also be reforms in higher education, labour (there is the complex challenge of creating jobs), and the issue of affirmative action: how do we address centuries of social exclusion and redress the balance?

Micro-financing has been a success, although it is not the only factor. Today there are probably less than 50 million people benefiting from micro-financing, but it is one of the instruments for financial inclusion which is happening. The banks are now trying to open low cost accounts using technology and biometrics to reduce transaction costs. I don’t see India using micro-finance in the same way as China and Africa, we are not organised enough for that!

India has the potential to grow at 6-8% for years to come but then it must deal with the challenges of prosperity. We must look at the challenges from the West. There are two broad sets of challenges. One is when the population starts ageing. While the population is young we must design a healthcare system so when the country ages it does not become a huge burden. How do you create a system of social insurance and social entitlements which work right now for the younger population, but
again don’t create a huge burden when the population ages? Here we can learn from what happened in the developed countries if there is a different way of designing health and social security.

Social Security and Infrastructure
Historically India has not had any social security or any kind of social insurance beyond employees of the government who get a pension and those in the organised private sector who have formal jobs. The vast majority of people have no social benefits. It is very clear from the Western experience that creating a massive entitlement programme based on defined benefits can be hugely crippling. Look at the United States, their unfunded liabilities for social security is about 50 trillion dollars. You can’t have a defined benefits system for 1 billion people. The government launched ‘the new pension system’ in 2004. It was first extended to government servants and is now available to the public. I think we can leapfrog certain things and build very modern systems to provide social insurance.

Infrastructure is a big challenge and the base is undesirable. To give you a sense of capital, the Indian economy is over a trillion dollars in size and the savings rate is about 35%. Around 350 billion dollars are saved every year whilst the foreign capital that comes in is only around 10-15 billion dollars. The role of foreign capital in the Indian economy is actually quite marginal. The government had an ambitious plan to spend 500 billion dollars on infrastructure. Although a lot of private investment will be hampered by the liquidity crisis, most of the money is still tax generated.
I think infrastructure will happen, it has become very salient. It is reflected in our political slogans. About thirty years back our political slogans had ‘food, clothing and shelter’, but today’s slogans are ‘power, water and roots’. The manifestos say ‘broadband for all’. These are all examples of the fact that infrastructure has become very politically salient. So while it won’t be at the base of change, as you see in China, this election depends on it.
The other big challenge that India faces is what to do with energy and the environment because it is unlikely that India will be able to continue with rapid growth using the same hydro-carbon methods that is has used for the past 200 years. If India grows at 8% a year, it doubles every 10 years, which means by 2050 it will have gone up 16 times. Historically, there is a linear relationship between growth in income and growth in greenhouse gas emission. Clearly India can’t have its emissions going up 16 times. Therefore it must create a low carbon economy that allows its people to enjoy the lifestyle benefits of economic growth without causing environmental damage. We do not yet know what the solution is but India will have to do it.

Some states have been more dynamic than others although some of the laggard states are now catching up. For example Bihar now has a chief minister who in some sense is more progressive than the south Indian states that have historically been seen as progressive. Gujarat in terms of reforms and economic dynamism has done a lot as has Andhra Pradesh. I think the competition between states, and pressure from the people within the state for a better life will drive the growth phenomenon.

My basic thesis is that India is at a very critical juncture. It can either engage its demographic dividend or lose it. It can address the challenges of population and poverty. It can also avoid long term challenges by looking at issues elsewhere to create a wonderful country in the 21st century.


Monday, May 18, 2009

Dr Hinohara's Perspective

At the age of 97 years, Shigeaki Hinohara is one of the world's longest-serving physicians and educators. Hinohara's magic touch is legendary: Since 1941 he has been healing patients at St. Luke's International Hospital in Tokyo and teaching at St. Luke's College of Nursing.

After World War II, he envisioned a world-class hospital and college springing from the ruins of Tokyo; thanks to his pioneering spirit and business savvy, the doctor turned these institutions into the nation's top medical facility and nursing school. Today he serves as chairman of the board of trustees at both organizations.

Always willing to try new things, he has published around 150 books since his 75th birthday, including one "Living Long, Living Good" that has sold more than 1.2 million copies. As the founder of the New Elderly Movement, Hinohara encourages others to live a long and happy life, a quest in which no role model is better than the doctor himself.

Here are some of his views:

Energy comes from feeling good, not from eating well or sleeping a lot. We all remember how as children, when we were having fun, we often forgot to eat or sleep. I believe that we can keep that attitude as adults, too. It's best not to tire the body with too many rules such as lunchtime and bedtime.

All people who live long regardless of nationality, race or gender share one thing in common: None are overweight. For breakfast I drink coffee, a glass of milk and some orange juice with a tablespoon of olive oil in it. Olive oil is great for the arteries and keeps my skin healthy. Lunch is milk and a few cookies, or nothing when I am too busy to eat. I never get hungry because I focus on my work. Dinner is veggies, a bit of fish and rice, and, twice a week, 100 grams of lean meat.

Always plan ahead. My schedule book is already full until 2014, with lectures and my usual hospital work. In 2016 I'll have some fun, though: I plan to attend the Tokyo Olympics!

There is no need to ever retire, but if one must, it should be a lot later than 65. The current retirement age was set at 65, half a century ago, when the average life-expectancy in Japan was 68 years and only 125 Japanese were over 100 years old. Today, Japanese women live to be around 86 and men 80, and we have 36,000 centenarians in our country. In 20 years we will have about 50,000 people over the age of 100.

Share what you know. I give 150 lectures a year, some for 100 elementary-school children, others for 4,500 business people. I usually speak for 60 to 90 minutes, standing, to stay strong.

Music and animal therapy. When a doctor recommends you take a test or have some surgery, ask whether the doctor would suggest that his or her spouse or children go through such a procedure. Contrary to popular belief, doctors can't cure everyone. So why cause unnecessary pain with surgery? I think music and animal therapy can help more than most doctors imagine.

To stay healthy, always take the stairs and carry your own stuff. I take two stairs at a time, to get my muscles moving.

Pain is mysterious, and having fun is the best way to forget it. If a child has a toothache, and you start playing a game together, he or she immediately forgets the pain. Hospitals must cater to the basic need of patients: We all want to have fun. At St. Luke's we have music and animal therapies, and art classes.

Don't be crazy about amassing material things. Remember: You don't know when your number is up, and you can't take it with you to the next place.

Hospitals must be designed and prepared for major disasters, and they must accept every patient who appears at their doors. We designed St. Luke's so we can operate anywhere: in the basement, in the corridors, in the chapel. Most people thought I was crazy to prepare for a catastrophe, but on March 20, 1995, I was unfortunately proven right when members of the Aum Shinrikyu religious cult launched a terrorist attack in the Tokyo subway. We accepted 740 victims and in two hours figured out that it was sarin gas that had hit them. Sadly we lost one person, but we saved 739 lives.

Science alone can't cure or help people. Science lumps us all together, but illness is individual. Each person is unique, and diseases are connected to their hearts. To know the illness and help people, we need liberal and visual arts, not just medical ones.

Learn from life's incidents. On March 31, 1970, when I was 59 years old, I boarded the Yodogo, a flight from Tokyo to Fukuoka. It was a beautiful sunny morning, and as Mount Fuji came into sight, the plane was hijacked by the Japanese Communist League-Red Army Faction. I spent the next four days handcuffed to my seat in 40-degree heat. As a doctor, I looked at it all as an experiment and was amazed at how the body slowed down in a crisis.

Find a role model and aim to achieve even more than they could ever do. My father went to the United States in 1900 to study at Duke University in North Carolina. He was a pioneer and one of my heroes. Later I found a few more life guides, and when I am stuck, I ask myself how they would deal with the problem.

Retirement and contribution to society. It is wonderful to live long. Until one is 60 years old, it is easy to work for one's family and to achieve one's goals. But in our later years, we should strive to contribute to society. Since the age of 65, I have worked as a volunteer. I still put in 18 hours seven days a week and love every minute of it.


Tuesday, May 12, 2009

U.S. Solar Company To Build Plants In India

MUMBAI - U.S. renewable energy company Signet Solar is investing $2 billion to set up manufacturing operations in India over the next 10 years.

Palo Alto, Calif.-based Signet Solar will start constructing the first of three planned factories to produce solar photovoltaic modules in early 2008. The company is still scouting for a location.

“We are talking to state governments and considering the infrastructure-readiness of various locations. We’ll take a decision in two to three months. It’s likely to be located in a SEZ [special economic zone] as we’re export-focused,” said Signet Solar CEO Rajeeva Lahri.

Earlier this year, the government announced a semiconductor policy under which it will incur 20% of the capital expenditure if companies set up in special economic zones and 25% if they come up elsewhere. The minimum investment limit for the benefits is $570 million.

Privately held Signet Solar, which was founded in 2006, is talking to investors in India and abroad to raise capital for its plans. “We’re looking at a mix of private equity, debt and government incentives for manufacturing in India,” Lahri told reporters in New Delhi Thursday.

The firm will target power plants, rural electrification and irrigation and large commercial units in India. The plant will initially have a capacity of 60 megawatt that will expand to 1 gigawatt annually over 10 years. “I think in India we have not realized the potential of solar energy here. It is a huge market and its demand is only going to grow,” Lahri said.

Signet Solar is also setting up a manufacturing plant in Dresden, Germany. Worldwide solar photovoltaic installations grew at an annual rate of nearly 40% in the last five years, and increasing demand is expected to sustain growth for a while, the firm said in a press release.

India’s government wants to produce 10% of its growing energy needs from renewable sources by 2012. At present, over 5% of power comes from renewable energy.

Both India and China, where energy consumption has surged because of rapid industrialization, came under fire in a recent S&P report for their reliance on carbon-intensive fuels to meet energy needs (See: “ Coal Still King In India And China”).


Pegasus plans Rs 200 crore semiconductor plant in Ahmedabad

To manufacture white LED lighting systems.

In what could provide an impetus to energy conservation and reduce power costs, Ahmedabad-based Pegasus Semiconductors Pvt. Ltd. is setting up a manufacturing plant on the outskirts of the city for white light emitting diode (LEDs) semi-conductor chips.

At an investment of around Rs 200 crore, the plant is set to commission within two years.

White LEDs, which are prominent in western countries, offer better lumens per watt than incandescent bulb and compact fluorescent lamp (CFL).

However, currently white LED semi-conductor chips have to be imported in India from abroad. Once commissioned, the company will probably become the first manufacturer of such chips, said Sudhindra Tatti, president of Pegasus Semiconductors Pvt. Ltd.

The upcoming plant will begin assembling atleast 1,000-odd white LED light systems per month and subsequently ramp up the volume once the manufacturing activities begin. The company's operations will also be part-funded by Gujarat Venture Finance Limited (GVFL), which has expressed its desire to invest in the project.

Tatti said that while currently the market for white LEDs is only for early adapters looking for aesthetic application, the company will target rural as well as urban households for solar lighting systems.

"Once the market begins to understand and accept the benefits of white LEDs as against its conventional alternatives, we will have to manufacture atleast a million semi-conductor chips per month," he added.

"Initially, we plan to manufacture solar lighting systems consisting white LED technology and later introduce conventional energy based systems. White LEDs help save 2-3 times of energy as compared to other alternatives. They also reduce design cost for lighting systems, making them more affordable," said Tatti.

To begin with, the company is piloting these lighting systems at college campuses and intends to target public buildings, street lighting and households later on.

Source: http://www.business-standard.com/india/storypage.php?autono=331413


IIM-A grads give a lukewarm response to entrepreneurship; but all mint gold in the end

Ahmedabad It is a fact that very few students who pass out of the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad (IIM-A), opt for entrepreneurship. This year only eight students of the total 281 who graduated, opted for entrepreneurship. But those who have done so are all pursuing a success path.
IIM-A Director Samir Barua says: “There is a policy by the name of ‘Placement Holiday’ at IIM-A wherein ex-students, who have opted for entrepreneurship, can approach the institute for placements. But not a single application has been made under the scheme till now, indicating the success of the entrepreneurship ventures.”

The start-ups have also been as diverse as they possibly can be.

Rohit Shankar and Nikhil Vaswani, who passed out of IIM-A in 2006, operated a pilot fitness centre at Gandhinagar for over a year, before starting their first wellness centre, ‘Wellocity’, in the heart of western Ahmedabad in February 2008. After a year of operations, it has 600 active members, with an 80 per cent renewal rate. Rohit adds: “We will soon come up with another centre in Rajkot. Diversification into ‘Healthy Food Joints’ and ‘Corporate Parks’ is also in the pipeline.”

Another IIM-A graduate, who is helping Gujaratis to remain healthy is Sidharth Jaiswal, a 2008 pass out. He started his joint, ’Juice’, where 69 certified organic and natural drinks are served. “We are also working in ‘Organic Farming’ with farmers from Gujarat and Bihar, and taking care of front-end as well as back-end operations of the business,” Sidharth says. His plans include opening ‘Juice’ outlets in Mumbai, Gurgaon and Delhi soon.

It is not only the service industry that has attracted IIM-A graduates. Akshat Khare and Sudhindra Tatti, both 2007 pass-outs, started a company, ‘Pegasus Semiconductors’, which manufactures Solar Energy powered LED Lighting Systems, both for homes and streets.

“Our USP is the price which is about two times lower then the conventional solar lighting systems,” Akshat says. Recently, Pegasus has started operating its own manufacturing facility in Gandhinagar, employing 12 people. Another successful venture includes ‘Mantis Technologies’, a provider for online ticketing platform for the bus industry in India using Software As A Service (SAAS) model, and ‘Bipler’, an Internet media company aiming to provide quality entertainment content.

The foremost reason for the low rate of entrepreneurship ventures from IIM-A, according to these brave-hearts is that the incubation centre at IIM-A supports only technology-related ventures.

“This leaves a big chunk of those who want to establish something new at the grassroots or in the service industry, out of the loop,” says Sidharth.

Akshat adds, “Factors like high opportunity cost, the high risk involved and earlier returns also aids the decision.” Another trend observed is that some graduates believe that a certain amount of work experience is essential before starting their own ventures. So they just delay their entrepreneurship ambitions by a few years.



Solar Power Charges Amdavadis

I read an article about the solar power charges. It will be good. We will have less electricity to use. As we use less electricity, our bill will be less too.

Imagine a house running only on solar energy. From water heater to every light bulb. This thought could turn into a reality soon, with a sharp rise in number of takers for this alternative and green power source.

Advanced solar appliances have become popular among educational institutes and corporate houses to generate thermal and electric energy.

School of Solar Energy, a constituent of Pandit Deen Dayal Petroleum University in Gandhinagar is researching photovoltaic cell – a device that directly converts sunlight into electricity which could bring down the cost of using solar energy. They are not alone. Indian Institute of Management in city (IIM-A )has installed solar street lights in the campus, Intas Biopharma has started with a borocell solar heating panel for their kitchen facilities and even Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation has plans for solar powered street lights in AMC gardens.

General Manager (projects- engineering) of Intas Biopharma, Satish Kolte says, “Not only is solar energy an environment-friendly option, it also cuts on costs in the long run. We started with this solar prototype two months ago in our kitchen and so far, it has given good results.”

“We will be using solar energy in all our upcoming plants. We believe industries can tap into this freely available large source of energy,” adds Kolte.

Recently, Gujarat government also announced Solar Power.

Policy, 2009, to promote solar power generation as an alternative source of energy.

Satish Deshpande, a solar power expert, has been using solar energy in his home since the last 12 years and now prefers to cook his lunch in his solar concentrator. Deshapande says, “It makes economic sense to embrace it.”

Akshat Khare, a young entrepreneur has started a solar-based lighting system to promote the use of solar energy. “We have installed solar streetlights at IIM-A, SEWA and at other organizations in city,” he says. –The Times of India



Wednesday, May 6, 2009

UMTS Architecture

Reading summary of UMTS Architecture.
The UMTS architecture comprises three parts (or domains):
1) Core network
2) Access network
3) User equipment. (Mobile device used to access UMTS services)

fig (a) High Level UMTS Architecture.

The user equipment has a radio interface to the access network. The access network manages access to the core network for all authorized users within its coverage area. The core network provides the central switching, transmission and service provisioning functions required to provide UMTS services.

The access network and core network communicate by the Iu interface. The access network and the user equipment communicate by the Uu interface.

User equipment has two components:
1) Mobile Equipment (ME). The ME is the terminal itself. It performs all radio transmission, reception and processing functions.
2) UMTS Subscriber Identity Module (USIM). A removeable card which uniquely identifies a UMTS user for authentication purposes, holds subscription-related information and provides
additional security features.

ACCESS Network:
The access network is known as the UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network (UTRAN) and performs the following functions:
1) Radio resource management
2) Call set up and handover
3) User access to the core network.
The UTRAN performs a similar role to the Base Station Subsystem (BSS) in GSM.

A UTRAN contains the following network entities:
1) Radio Network Subsystem (RNS)
The RNS is an abstract term that collectively defines the entities which manage the resources and transmission/reception for a particular set of cells.
Each RNS contains:
i) One Radio Network Controller (RNC).
ii) One or more Node Bs. Each Node B controls multiple UMTS cells.

2) Radio Network Controller (RNC)
The Radio Network Controller (RNC) controls the allocation and use of the radio resources in an RNS and performs most of the intelligent processing for the UTRAN. Each RNC controls one or more Node Bs.
RNC functions include:
i) Assigning and releasing radio channels. These may be locally controlled by the RNC or controlled from a neighbouring RNC
ii) Monitoring and maintaining connection quality
iii) Handover control
vi) Operations and maintenance:
- Configuration management
- Alarm and fault reporting
- Performance monitoring.
v) Macro diversity combining and splitting functions.
Most UTRAN functions are performed by the Radio Network Controller (RNC) entity.
3) Node B.
Node Bs are logical nodes that are responsible for radio transmission and reception between the User Equipment (UE) and UMTS cells.
1) One Node B serves multiple cells
2) Each Node B is controlled by one RNC
3) Node Bs can support Frequency Division Duplexing (FDD), Time Division Duplexing (TDD) or dual-mode operation.

Core Network:
The UMTS core network is responsible for:
1) Transmission and switching
2) User management
3) User services provisioning
4) Interworking with external networks.
The core network provides integrated support for packet and circuit switched traffic.
Most UMTS core networks are likely to evolve from an existing network infrastructure (GSM, PDN, N-ISDN, B-ISDN).

Services supported by the UMTS core network include:
1) Voice
2) Universal messaging (integrated email, voicemail, SMS)
3) Video
4) Wireless internet access
5) File transfer

Interworking is supported to:
2) GSM
4) IP
fig(b): UMTS Reference model
The core network is logically divided into a circuit switching domain and a packet switching domain. The network entities are grouped into functional areas accordingly:
1) Entities to support packet-switched services
2) Entities to support circuit-switched services
3) Entities common to packet and circuit-switched services.

Packet switching entities:
1) Serving GPRS Support Node (3G-SGSN)
2) Gateway GPRS Support Node (3G-GGSN)
3) Domain Name Server (DNS)
4) Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server
5) Firewall
6) Packet charging gateway.

Circuit switching entities:
1) Mobile Switching Center (3G-MSC)
2) Gateway MSC (GMSC)
3) Visitor Location Register (VLR).

Shared packet and circuit switching entities:
1) Home Location Register (HLR)
2) Authentication Center (AuC)
3) Equipment Identity Register (EIR).
Separation of the circuit switching and packet switching domains is also achieved by separate logical interfaces between the core network and the UTRAN:

Other areas that can be considered as part of the core network include:
1) Network management systems (such as billing and provisioning, and service management)
2) Operations and Maintenance Center (OMC).

fig(c): UMTS Implementation on an existing GSM

Overview of soft handover in UMTS (unlike of GSM):
Macro diversity refers to the capability of a UMTS UE to receive signals from more than one cell and vice versa - multiple cells can receive the signal from a UE. The cells can be controlled by different Node Bs.

A UE can be connected simultaneously to two or more cells, providing a multi-path communication channel. User data is split and carried over several channels.
Macro diversity has two advantages:
1) Sending the data across multiple channels reduces the impact of interference in any one path, providing improved overall connection quality
2) It allows seamless handover of the UE between currently connected cells (“soft” handover). In soft handover the UE always keeps at least one active connection to one of the cells, so
the radio path does not have to be dropped and reconnected (as is required in GSM).
The RNC manages the data splitting/combining and handover function across the multiple paths.
The RNC performs a similar function to the Base Station Controller (BSC) in GSM networks, but has more intelligence.


India's Biggest Roll Out of 3G to Boost Mobile Broadband

Europe : Ericsson is using its WCDMA/HSPA technology to help BSNL, India's second largest telecom operator, achieve India's biggest simultaneous launch of 3G services to date, across 11 leading cities. The commercial launch of much awaited 3G services in India will allow consumers to experience enriched communications including rich voice, video and data services.

The successful launch of 3G services in India's across multiple cities in Northern and Eastern parts of India brings 3G access to more than 15 million people and will help in driving quicker uptake of 3G services to a wide customer base.

As part of its roll-out strategy, BSNL plans to launch 3G services using WCDMA/HSPA technology across more than 700 cities in the first phase. Ericsson is BSNL's strategic partner for 3G roll-out in over 400 of these cities.

for more detail:



Sardar Jokes :-)


Interviewer: what is your birth date? Sardar: 13th October Which year? Sardar: Oye ullu ke pathe _ _ _ EVERY YEAR

Manager asked to sardar at an interview. Can you spell a word that has more than 15 letters in it? Sardar replied: -P-O-S-T-B-O-X.

After returning back from a foreign trip, sardar asked his wife, Do I look like a foreigner? Wife: No! Why? Sardar: In London a lady asked me Are you a foreigner?

One tourist from U.S.A. asked to Sardar: Any great man born in this village??? Sardar: no sir, only small Babies!!!

Lecturer: write a note on Gandhi Jayanthi So Sardar writes, "Gandhi was a great man, but I don't know who is Jayanthi.

When sardar was traveling with his wife in an auto, the driver adjusted mirror. Sardar shouted, "You are trying to see my wife? Sit back. I will drive.

Interviewer: just imagine you are in 3rd floor, it caught fire and how will you escape? Sardar: its simple. I will stop my imagination!!!

Boss: Where were you born?Sardar: Punjab..Boss: which part?Sardar: Kya which part? Whole body born in Punjab.

2 sardar were fixing a bomb in a car. Sardar 1: What would you do if the bombexplodes while fixing. Sardar 2: Dont worry, I have one more.

Sardar: What is the name of your car?Lady: I forgot the name, but is starts with "T".Sardar: Oye Kamaal ki gaadi hai, Tea se start hoti hai. Hamaara gaadi petrol se start hoti hai.

Sardar joined new job. 1st day he worked till late evening on the computer. Boss was happy and asked what you did till evening.Sardar: Keyboard alphabets were not in order, so I made it alright.
Museum Administrator: That's a 500-year-old statue u've broken.Banta: Thanks God! I thought it was a new one.

At the scene of an accident a man was crying: O God! I have lost my hand, oh!Santa: Control yourself. Don't cry. See that man. He has lost his head. Is he crying?

Banta: U cheated me.Shopkeeper: No, I sold a good radio to u.Banta: Radio label shows Made in Japan but radio says this is all India Radio!

In an interview, Interviewer: How does an electric motor run?Santa: Dhhuuuurrrrrrrrrr. .....Inteviewer shouts: Stop it.Santa: Dhhuurrrr dhup dhup dhup...

Tourist: Whose skeleton is that?Santa: Tipu's skeleton.Tourist: Who's that smaller skeleton next to it?Santa: That was Tipu's skeleton when he was child


Sunday, May 3, 2009

Be Very Proud to be a GUJARATI

Our State of GUJARAT, Situated in western India and bordering Pakistan , Gujarat is among India 's most prosperous states.

Its per capita GDP is 2.4 times the Indian average.

Gujarat 's GDP growth rate is 10.6% and India can not achieve 8 percent Growth rate without Gujarat getting closer to 12% growth rate.

If it was a nation it would have been 67th richest nation in the world above many European and Asian economies like Taiwan and Ukraine .

Gujarat holds many records in India for economic development:
20% of India 's Industrial Output
80% of India 's Diamond Production
9% of India 's Mineral Production
50% of India 's Natural GasProduction
54% of India 's Crude Oil Production
22% of India 's exports
24% of India 's textile production
45% of India 's pharmaceuticalproducts
35% of India 's Sponge Iron Production
47% of India 's petrochemical Production

The world's largest ship breaking yard is in Gujarat near Bhavnagar at Alang.

Reliance Petroleum Limited, one of the group companies of Reliance Industries Limited founded by Dhirubhai Ambani operates the oil refinery at Jamnagar which is the world's largest grass roots refineries.

Gujarat ranks first nationwide in gas-based thermal electricity generation with national market share of over 8% and second nationwide in nuclear electricity generation with national market share of over 1%.
Over 20% of the S&P CNX 500 conglomerates have corporate offices in Gujarat

Over 35% of the stock market wealth of India is with Gujarati People.

In recent Forbes magazine list of 10 richest Indian people four are Gujarati - Mukesh Ambani, Anil Ambani, Azim Premji and Tulsi Tanti Over 60% of Indian Population in North America is Gujarati.

An average income of a Gujarati family in North America is three times more than the average income of an American family.

Gujarat is having the longest sea shore compared to any other Indian state

Gujarat is having the highest no. of operating airports in India (Total 12).

India 's 16% of Investment are from Gujarat ..

Gujarat is having highest no. of vegetarian people compared to any other state in India ..

The first ALL VEG PIZZA-HUT was opened in Ahmedabad

Ahmedabad the commercial capital of Gujarat is the seventh largest city in India ..

Surat is the fastest growing city in the world.

Gandhinagar is the Greenest Capital City in whole Asia

Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad(IIMA) is Asia's 1st and world's 45th ranked management college located in Ahmedabad, Gujarat .

Gujarat is the safest state as the Crime rate of it is 8.2 which is the least in India even after considering 2002 communal riots, stated by India Today 2005 report.

Gujarat is having least crime against women among all Indian states (excluding Goa ) where AP is 1st, Delhi is 2nd , Bihar is 3rd , Zarakhand is 4th and UP is 5th.

Ahmedabad which is the seventh largest city in India is the lowest in crime rate among all Tier-I and Tier-II cities of India as per National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) report.

Ahmedabad is ranked 2nd in Real Estate - Ahead of Bangalore ,Chennai, Hyderabad , Mumbai & Delhi..

Ahmedabad is ranked 3rd in Policy Initiatives - Ahead of Bangalore, Chennai, Calcutta , Mumbai & Delhi.

Ahmedabad is ranked 4th in Manpower - Ahead of Bangalore ,Chennai, Mumbai & Delhi.

Percent of man-days lost in Gujarat due to labor strike are lowest in country - just 0.52%

It is the first state to implement the BOT law for encouraging private sector participation

The first state to have to fully functional LNG terminal

Gujarat has 33 approved SEZs

Gujarat is the first state to interconnect 20 rivers

It is the first state to provide uninterrupted 24hr 2 phase electricity to all villages

It is the only state with statewide gas grid

It is currently implementing statewide water distribution grid that will connect all 14,000 villages and all cities)

It has largest e-governance network in Asia Pacific

Its agricultural production has been increased four-fold in five years (from USD 2 Billion in 2001-2002 to 7.5 Billion in 2005-2006)

In every corner of Gujarat , within the range of 25 KMs there is a development going on.

Operation WHITE FLOOD (MILK) was initiated in Gujarat by Dr. Kurien which took India in 1998 (may be 1999) to become highest milk producer in the world.

Consumption of GOLD in Gujarat is highest in India ..

Largest number of immigration & emigration is done from Gujarat ..

Also highest Numbers of passports are issued from Gujarat .

Baroda gas project - bringing natural gas to every home - More than 35 years ago they installed pipelines to bring natural gas to every kitchen. I think that was an amazing feat.

AMUL - NDDB & Dr. Kurian - another achievement for Gujarat - it was just fantastic to see how they collected milk early morning from every village in Gujarat . The villagers would line up at 3 in the morning at the milk collection centers!!! What a sight!

According to a recent study by the Reserve Bank of India, the country's central bank, Gujarat stood first in the country with investments of US$17.8 billion in 2006-07 or 25.8% of India 's total investment of $69 billion during the year.The southern state of Andhra Pradesh stood a distant second having attracted $6.1 billion in 2006-07.

Gujarat moved up from second place in 2005-06 having tripled its investments in a year..

A report in Times of India describes the Gulf of Kutch as India 's ' Gulf of Riches '. Four top business houses - Reliance Industries, Essar Group, Adani Group and Tata Group, have invested about $34 billion along the Gulf of Kutch's 700-kilometer long coastline. Other corporate, which had invested over $3.26 billion since the 2001 earthquake have investments worth another $19.5 billion in the pipeline.

Ten special economic zones (SEZs) near Jamnagar , a 4000-megawatt power project and five private shipyards are coming up. And massive expansion is being undertaken of the Mundra and Kandla ports.

Gujarat's 41 ports handle 80% of India 's port traffic and 20% of its cargo. It is estimated that by 2015, Gujarat's ports will handle 39% of India 's cargo.

Not only has Gujarat unseated Maharashtra as India 's number one investment destination but also, it is threatening to dislodge Mumbai, Maharashtra 's capital and the financial and business capital of India, as the trade gateway to the country.

Mundra port where Indian Oil Corporation and Hindustan Petroleum are setting up giant oil storage capacities has already emerged as India 's largest private oil storage tank farm.

Sixty percent of India 's coal imports enter via Mundra port. Mundra's importance is likely to soar further with the completion of mega power plants being set up by Adanis and Tatas.

The volume of cargo handled by Mundra and Kandla ports alone has outstripped that handled by Mumbai's ports - the Mumbai Port Trust and the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust.

And now Gujarat is nursing ambitions of dislodging Mumbai as India 's financial hub. Its government recently announced the setting up of an international financial services center, the Gujarat International Finance Tech-City with an investment outlay of $6 billion in Ahmedabad.

Forbes Magazine published list of Top 20 Self-Made Business-Men from Asia . The list includes 6 men from India and out of 6 three are Gujarati - Tulsi Tanti, Gautam Adani and Uday Kotak.

Friday, May 1, 2009

Why & When Brain drain happens?

An Old Story:

The Ant works hard in the withering heat all summer building its house andlaying up supplies for the winter.The Grasshopper thinks the Ant is a fool and laughs & dances & plays thesummer away.Come winter, the Ant is warm and well fed. The Grasshopper has no food orshelter so he dies out in the cold.

Indian Version:

The Ant works hard in the withering heat all summer building its house andlaying up supplies for the winter.The Grasshopper thinks the Ant's a fool and laughs & dances & plays thesummer away.

Come winter, the shivering Grasshopper calls a press conference anddemands to know why the Ant should be allowed to be warm and well fedwhile others are cold and starving.NDTV, BBC, CNN show up to provide pictures of the shivering Grasshoppernext to a video of the Ant in his comfortable home with a table filledwith food.

The World is stunned by the sharp contrast. How can this be that this poorGrasshopper is allowed to suffer so?

Arundhati Roy stages a demonstration in front of the Ant's house.

Medha Patkar goes on a fast along with other Grasshoppers demanding thatGrasshoppers be relocated to warmer climates during winter .
Mayawati states this as `injustice' done on Minorities.

Amnesty International and Koffi Annan criticize the Indian Government fornot upholding the fundamental rights of the Grasshopper.

The Internet is flooded with online petitions seeking support to theGrasshopper (many promising Heaven and Everlasting Peace for promptsupport as against the wrath of God for non-compliance) .

Opposition MPs stage a walkout. Left parties call for 'Bengal Bandh' inWest Bengal and Kerala demanding a Judicial Enquiry.

CPM in Kerala immediately passes a law preventing Ants from working hardin the heat so as to bring about equality of poverty among Ants andGrasshoppers.

Lalu Prasad allocates one free coach to Grasshoppers on all Indian RailwayTrains, aptly named as the 'Grasshopper Rath'.Finally, the Judicial Committee drafts the ' Prevention of TerrorismAgainst Grasshoppers Act' [POTAGA], with effect from the beginning of thewinter.

Arjun Singh makes 'Special Reservation ' for Grasshoppers in EducationalInstitutions & in Government Services.

The Ant is fined for failing to comply with POTAGA and having nothing leftto pay his retroactive taxes,it's home is confiscated by the Governmentand handed over to the Grasshopper in a ceremony covered by NDTV.Arundhati Roy calls it ' A Triumph of Justice'.Lalu calls it 'Socialistic Justice '.

CPM calls it the ' Revolutionary Resurgence of the Downtrodden '

Koffi Annan invites the Grasshopper to address the UN General Assembly.

Many years later....
The Ant has since migrated to the US and set up a multi-billion dollarcompany in Silicon Valley, 100s of Grasshoppers still die of starvation despite reservation somewherein India, .......ANDAs a result of loosing lot of hard working Ants and feeding thegrasshoppers, . . . . . . . . . .

India is still a developing country…!!!